ITU

Operational Bulletin online

Q.708

Date Message
Nov 15

Amd. no. 28 to List of International Signalling Point Codes (ISPC) OB no. 1184

Position amended originally published as annex to ITU Operational Bulletin No. 1109 — 1.X.2016

Country/ Geographical Area

Unique name of the signalling point

Name of the signalling point operator

ISPC

DEC

Estonia    ADD

3-244-0

8096

Novametro1

Novametro OÜ

____________

ISPC:      International Signalling Point Codes.

              Codes de points sémaphores internationaux (CPSI).

              Códigos de puntos de señalización internacional (CPSI).

Nov 01

Amd. no. 27 to List of International Signalling Point Codes (ISPC) OB no. 1183

Position amended originally published as annex to ITU Operational Bulletin No. 1109 — 1.X.2016

Country/ Geographical Area

Unique name of the signalling point

Name of the signalling point operator

ISPC

DEC

Bosnia and Herzegovina

ADD

2-218-4

5844

Mostar

JP Hrvatske telekomunikacije d.d. Mostar

Oct 15

Amd. no. 26 to List of International Signalling Point Codes (ISPC) OB no. 1182

Position amended originally published as annex to ITU Operational Bulletin No. 1109 — 1.X.2016

Country/ Geographical Area

Unique name of the signalling point

Name of the signalling point operator

ISPC

DEC

Jordan

SUP

4-195-2

9754

Crossborder Telecom

4-195-3

9755

Crossborder Telecom

Jordan

ADD

4-195-2

9754

Umniah Mobile Company (Umniah)

4-195-3

9755

Umniah Mobile Company (Umniah)

Oct 01

Amd. no. 25 to List of International Signalling Point Codes (ISPC) OB no. 1181

Position amended originally published as annex to ITU Operational Bulletin No. 1109 — 1.X.2016

Country/ Geographical Area

Unique name of the signalling point

Name of the signalling point operator

ISPC

DEC

Burkina Fas

ADD

6-026-5

12501

OUSPS1

ORANGE BURKINA FASO SA

6-026-6

12502

BOSPS1

ORANGE BURKINA FASO SA

Aug 01

Amd. no. 24 to List of International Signalling Point Codes (ISPC) OB no. 1177

Position amended originally published as annex to ITU Operational Bulletin No. 1109 — 1.X.2016

Country/ Geographical Area

ISPC

DEC

Unique name of the signalling point

Name of the signalling point operator

Panama ADD

7-031-5

14589

ITP Internacional

Digicel (Panama), S.A

United Kingdom SUP

2-167-3

5435

SU_UK1

SuperLINE Telecommunications Ltd

2-167-4

5436

SU_UK2

SuperLINE Telecommunications Ltd

2-188-4

5604

LDNSTP1

SMSRelay AG

2-188-5

5605

LDNSTP2

SMSRelay AG

2-188-6

5606

MSC1

SMSRelay AG

5-227-4

12060

Croydon 1

SOS Technology Limited

United Kingdom ADD

2-179-5

5533

JALSTP1

Jersey Airtel Limited

2-185-5

5581

JALSTP2

Jersey Airtel Limited

2-187-1

5593

MSSGU

Jersey Airtel Limited

2-190-1

5617

GC-UK-STP-01

MTN GlobalConnect Solutions Limited

United Kingdom LIR

2-071-2

4666

Arun

VODAFONE LIMITED

2-071-3

4667

Bollin

VODAFONE LIMITED

2-154-5

5333

Slough VOIP1

CenturyLink Communications UK Limited

2-154-6

5334

Docklands VOIP 1

CenturyLink Communications UK Limited

2-155-3

5339

KJCOPM01

Colt Technology Services Ltd

2-155-4

5340

GC Slough 1

CenturyLink Communications UK Limited

2-162-2

5394

Poplar Business Park Local

Colt Technology Services Ltd

2-162-3

5395

CLTLN9P0

Colt Technology Services Ltd

2-165-0

5416

GC Birmingham

CenturyLink Communications UK Limited

2-165-3

5419

London 2

PCCW Global UK Limited

2-165-7

5423

Kg John Carrier 1

Colt Technology Services Ltd

2-166-1

5425

Slough

CenturyLink Communications UK Limited

2-166-2

5426

BHXGSX1

Colt Technology Services Ltd

2-167-0

5432

BMSTP

SKD 4 Limited

2-169-7

5455

STPCY1

VODAFONE LIMITED

2-170-6

5462

King Johns Local

Colt Technology Services Ltd

2-174-0

5488

Kg John Carrier 2

Colt Technology Services Ltd

2-174-5

5493

STPER1

VODAFONE LIMITED

2-175-6

5502

Switch 1 - Goswell1

CenturyLink Communications UK Limited

2-175-7

5503

STPGL1

VODAFONE LIMITED

2-176-4

5508

UK2

SKD 4 Limited

2-176-7

5511

STPSN1

VODAFONE LIMITED

2-177-1

5513

STPRM1

VODAFONE LIMITED

2-177-6

5518

STPOM1

VODAFONE LIMITED

2-178-0

5520

STPPH1

VODAFONE LIMITED

2-178-5

5525

Paul Street DMS

CenturyLink Communications UK Limited

2-179-2

5530

STPPH2

VODAFONE LIMITED

2-185-0

5576

Marylebone

Colt Technology Services Ltd

2-190-6

5622

Bishopsgate

Colt Technology Services Ltd

2-190-7

5623

City

Colt Technology Services Ltd

2-191-3

5627

Switch 2 – Goswell 2

CenturyLink Communications UK Limited

2-191-4

5628

ipLCR Leman

CenturyLink Communications UK Limited

2-210-5

5781

ipLCR Poplar

CenturyLink Communications UK Limited

2-210-7

5783

Fleet

VODAFONE LIMITED

2-211-0

5784

BM1

Colt Technology Services Ltd

2-211-3

5787

Chet

VODAFONE LIMITED

4-240-6

10118

Switch 3 – Docklands 2

CenturyLink Communications UK Limited

4-247-6

10174

Lovat

VODAFONE LIMITED

4-253-2

10218

Colne

VODAFONE LIMITED

4-255-0

10232

Beult

VODAFONE LIMITED

5-226-4

12052

Lostock

VODAFONE LIMITED

5-226-6

12054

Lostock

VODAFONE LIMITED

5-226-7

12055

SGWLD2

VODAFONE LIMITED

6-252-7

14311

LONDON1

PCCW Global UK Limited

7-224-0

16128

SGWOM2

VODAFONE LIMITED

7-243-2

16282

SGWBE1

VODAFONE LIMITED

7-243-3

16283

SGWKS1

VODAFONE LIMITED

7-243-4

16284

SGWGL1

VODAFONE LIMITED

7-243-5

16285

SGWMS1

VODAFONE LIMITED

7-251-5

16349

Meon

VODAFONE LIMITED

7-251-6

16350

Rea

VODAFONE LIMITED

7-253-2

16362

Severn

VODAFONE LIMITED

Jul 15

Amd. no. 23 to List of International Signalling Point Codes (ISPC) OB no. 1176

Position amended originally published as annex to ITU Operational Bulletin No. 1109 — 1.X.2016

Country/ Geographical Area

Unique name of the signalling point

Name of the signalling point operator

ISPC

DEC

Lesotho    ADD

6-103-0

13112

VCLLKK

VODACOM LESOTHO

6-103-1

13113

VCLMSW

VODACOM LESOTHO

Mongolia    ADD

4-056-1

8641

IGW

MONGOLIA TELECOM COMPANY

4-056-2

8642

STP

UNITEL LLC

4-056-4

8644

UNITEL MN

UNITEL LLC

Norway    ADD

7-217-2

16074

Oslo_6

ICE Communication Norge AS

7-217-3

16075

Oslo_7

ICE Communication Norge AS

Jul 01

Amd. no. 22 to List of International Signalling Point Codes (ISPC) OB no. 1175

Position amended originally published as annex to ITU Operational Bulletin No. 1109 — 1.X.2016

Country/ Geographical Area

Unique name of the signalling point

Name of the signalling point operator

ISPC

DEC

American Samoa    ADD

5-088-4

10948

Pago Pago, AS

AST Telecom, LLC

Jun 15

Amd. no. 21 to List of International Signalling Point Codes (ISPC) OB no. 1174

Position amended originally published as annex to ITU Operational Bulletin No. 1109 — 1.X.2016

Country/ Geographical Area

Unique name of the signalling point

Name of the signalling point operator

ISPC

DEC

Comoros    LIR

6-108-0

13152

MSC CT Moroni

Comores Telecom

6-108-1

13153

MSC CT

Comores Telecom

Hungary    SUP

2-032-5

4357

VTH-DUN-TE

Invitech ICT Services Ltd.

Uganda    SUP

6-083-5

12957

Kampala/H1I

House of Integrated Technology & Systems (U) Ltd

6-083-6

12958

Kampala/H2I

House of Integrated Technology & Systems (U) Ltd

6-130-2

13330

AFRUG – GW1

Afrimax Uganda Limited

____________

ISPC:      International Signalling Point Codes.

              Codes de points sémaphores internationaux (CPSI).

              Códigos de puntos de señalización internacional (CPSI).

May 15

Amd. no. 20 to List of International Signalling Point Codes (ISPC) OB no. 1172

Position amended originally published as annex to ITU Operational Bulletin No. 1109 — 1.X.2016

Country/ Geographical Area

Unique name of the signalling point

Name of the signalling point operator

ISPC

DEC

Panama     SUP

7-031-6

14590

PANSL 3M

Telefónica Móviles de Panamá

Panama     ADD

7-031-6

14590

MGW PANSL3G

Telefónica Móviles Panamá, S.A.

____________

ISPC:      International Signalling Point Codes.

              Codes de points sémaphores internationaux (CPSI).

              Códigos de puntos de señalización internacional (CPSI).

May 01

Amd. no. 19 to List of International Signalling Point Codes (ISPC) OB no. 1171

Position amended originally published as annex to ITU Operational Bulletin No. 1109 — 1.X.2016

Country/ Geographical Area

Unique name of the signalling point

Name of the signalling point operator

ISPC

DEC

Japan    SUP

4-080-0

8832

Tokyo-1

KDDI Corporation

4-080-1

8833

Osaka-1

KDDI Corporation

4-080-6

8838

Osaka-2

KDDI Corporation

4-081-0

8840

Tokyo-3

KDDI Corporation

4-082-2

8850

Tokyo

Pacific Telecom Co. Ltd.

4-082-3

8851

Tokyo

Telstra Singapore PTE Ltd.

Japan    ADD

4-083-7

8863

Tokyo-CDC1

Rakuten Mobile, Inc.

4-084-0

8864

Tokyo-CDC2

Rakuten Mobile, Inc.

4-084-1

8865

Osaka-CDC1

Rakuten Mobile, Inc.

4-084-2

8866

Osaka-CDC2

Rakuten Mobile, Inc.

Switzerland    LIR

2-053-3

4523

Cham

Zirkumflex AG

____________

ISPC:      International Signalling Point Codes.

              Codes de points sémaphores internationaux (CPSI).

              Códigos de puntos de señalización internacional (CPSI).

Apr 15

Amd. no. 18 to List of International Signalling Point Codes (ISPC) OB no. 1170

Position amended originally published as annex to ITU Operational Bulletin No. 1109 — 1.X.2016

Country/ Geographical Area

Unique name of the signalling point

Name of the signalling point operator

ISPC

DEC

Belgium    LIR

2-098-6

4886

Nethys 1

Nethys SA

2-098-7

4887

Nethys 2

Nethys SA

Sweden    SUP

6-229-2

14122

STPVanso1 (Linköping)

VANSO GmbH

Sweden    LIR

6-238-3

14195

RWC-ISPC-1 (Stockholm)

Netmore Group AB

____________

ISPC:      International Signalling Point Codes.

              Codes de points sémaphores internationaux (CPSI).

              Códigos de puntos de señalización internacional (CPSI).

Apr 01

Assignment of Signalling Area/Network Codes (SANC) OB no. 1169

Note from TSB

At the request of the Administration of Sweden, the Director of TSB has assigned the following signalling area/network code (SANC) for use in the international part of the signalling system No. 7 network of this country/geographical area, in accordance with Recommendation ITU-T Q.708 (03/99):

 

Country / geographical area or signalling network

SANC

                  Sweden

7-208

 

 

  __

SANC:      Signalling Area/Network Code. Code de zone/réseau sémaphore (CZRS). Código de zona/red de señalización (CZRS).

SANC
Signalling Area/Network Code.
Code de zone/réseau sémaphore (CZRS).
Código de zona/red de señalización (CZRS).

Amd. no. 4 to List of Signalling Area/Network Codes (SANC) OB no. 1169

Position amended originally published as annex to ITU Operational Bulletin No. 1125 — 1.VI.2018

Numerical order     ADD

 

7-208

Sweden

 

Alphabetical order    ADD

 

7-208

Sweden

____________

SANC:    Signalling Area/Network Code.

              Code de zone/réseau sémaphore (CZRS).

              Código de zona/red de señalización (CZRS).

Amd. no. 17 to List of International Signalling Point Codes (ISPC) OB no. 1169

Position amended originally published as annex to ITU Operational Bulletin No. 1109 — 1.X.2016

Country/ Geographical Area

Unique name of the signalling point

Name of the signalling point operator

ISPC

DEC

Hungary    SUP

2-032-1

4353

Budapest BP1

Magyar Telekom Plc

2-212-3

5795

W-INT-GW1

Magyar Telekom Plc

2-212-4

5796

W-INT-GW2

Magyar Telekom Plc

4-243-3

10139

Bp. MGWF

Magyar Telekom Plc

Panama    SUP

7-029-4

14572

MSS01PAN

Claro Panamá S.A.

Panama    ADD

7-029-4

14572

STP01DAV01

Claro Panamá, S.A.

Singapore    ADD

5-145-2

11402

ARS

StarHub Ltd

5-145-3

11403

TSS

StarHub Ltd

Sweden    ADD

7-207-6

15998

FTS-SW1

Fink Telecom Services

7-207-7

15999

FTS-SW2

Fink Telecom Services

____________

ISPC:      International Signalling Point Codes.

              Codes de points sémaphores internationaux (CPSI).

              Códigos de puntos de señalización internacional (CPSI).

Mar 01

Amd. no. 16 to List of International Signalling Point Codes (ISPC) OB no. 1167

Position amended originally published as annex to ITU Operational Bulletin No. 1109 — 1.X.2016

Country or area/ISO code

Company Code

Contact

  Company Name/Address

(carrier code)

 

 

Germany (Federal Republic of) / DEU                ADD

 

amabo GmbH

Essener Strasse 2 - 24

46047 OBERHAUSEN

AMABO

Mr Aiko Marschner

Tel.:          +49 211 90096463

Fax:          +49 211 90096463

E-mail :   aiko.marschner@amabo.de

Tele Columbus AG, Bulk-Account Kaiserin-Augusta-Allee 108 D-10553 BERLIN

FLTC

Mrs Corinna Jaehneke Tel.:          +49 30 3388 1029 E-mail :    corinna.jaehneke@pyur.com

 

Switzerland (Confederation of) / CHE               SUP

 

Genza SA Rue de Lausanne 37 1201 GENEVE

CH4141

Efe Demir Tel:           +90 5322333262 E-mail:    ed@genza.ch

Feb 15

Assignment of Signalling Area/Network Codes (SANC) OB no. 1166

Note from TSB

At the request of the Administration of the Kingdom of Lesotho, the Director of TSB has assigned the following signalling area/network code (SANC) for use in the international part of the signalling system No. 7 network of this country/geographical area, in accordance with Recommendation ITU-T Q.708 (03/99):

 

Country / geographical area or signalling network

SANC

                  Lesotho (Kingdom of)

6-103

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________

SANC:   Signalling Area/Network Code.               Code de zone/réseau sémaphore (CZRS).               Código de zona/red de señalización (CZRS).

SANC
Signalling Area/Network Code.
Code de zone/réseau sémaphore (CZRS).
Código de zona/red de señalización (CZRS).

Amd. no. 3 to List of Signalling Area/Network Codes (SANC) OB no. 1166

Position amended originally published as annex to ITU Operational Bulletin No. 1125 — 1.VI.2018

Numerical order     ADD

 

6-103

Lesotho (Kingdom of)

Alphabetical order    ADD

 

6-103

Lesotho (Kingdom of)

____________

SANC:   Signalling Area/Network Code.

              Code de zone/réseau sémaphore (CZRS).

              Código de zona/red de señalización (CZRS).

Amd. no. 15 to List of International Signalling Point Codes (ISPC) OB no. 1166

Position amended originally published as annex to ITU Operational Bulletin No. 1109 — 1.X.2016

Country/ Geographical Area

Unique name of the signalling point

Name of the signalling point operator

ISPC

DEC

Estonia    SUP

2-092-4

4836

Tallinn

Elisa Andmesidesttnused AS

6-227-2

14106

Tallinn

Travel Communication OÜ

Estonia    ADD

5-230-2

12082

Dzinga/TLN

SmartTel Plus OÜ

France    SUP

2-150-3

5299

SAP France - Courbevoie 1

SAP France

2-150-4

5300

SAP France - Courbevoie 2

SAP France

3-232-0

8000

OMEA TELECOM - Aubervilliers

Omea telecom

3-232-1

8001

OMEA TELECOM - Courbevoie

Omea telecom

France    ADD

2-150-2

5298

Mobiquithings – Vitry 4

Mobiquithings

2-150-3

5299

Mobiquithings – Vitry 5

Mobiquithings

2-150-4

5300

Mobiquithings – Vitry 6

Mobiquithings

3-232-0

8000

P1 Security – Vitry 1

P1 security

3-232-1

8001

P1 Security – Vitry 2

P1 security

France    LIR

2-016-0

4224

Sewan Communications - Courbevoie

Sewan Communications

Hungary    LIR

2-032-5

4357

VTH-DUN-TE

Invitech ICT Services Ltd.

Panama    SUP

7-027-3

14555

Vozelia 1

Vozelia, S.A.

____________

ISPC:     International Signalling Point Codes.

              Codes de points sémaphores internationaux (CPSI).

              Códigos de puntos de señalización internacional (CPSI).

Feb 01

Amd. no. 14 to List of International Signalling Point Codes (ISPC) OB no. 1165

Position amended originally published as annex to ITU Operational Bulletin No. 1109 — 1.X.2016

Country/ Geographical Area

Unique name of the signalling point

Name of the signalling point operator

ISPC

DEC

Namibia    ADD

6-099-2

13082

MTCNAM2

Mobile Telecommunications Ltd.

____________

ISPC:      International Signalling Point Codes.

              Codes de points sémaphores internationaux (CPSI).

              Códigos de puntos de señalización internacional (CPSI).

Jan 15

Amd. no. 13 to List of International Signalling Point Codes (ISPC) OB no. 1164

Position amended originally published as annex to ITU Operational Bulletin No. 1109 — 1.X.2016

Country/ Geographical Area

Unique name of the signalling point

Name of the signalling point operator

ISPC

DEC

Belgium    SUP

2-012-6

4198

Join Belgium 1

Join Experience Belgique

Bosnia and Herzegovina    SUP

2-218-0

5840

IATC SA1/Sarajevo

BH Telecom d.d. Sarajevo

2-218-4

5844

Banjaluka MN1

Telekomunikacije RS, a.d. Banja Luka

2-218-5

5845

Banjaluka MN2

Telekomunikacije RS, a.d. Banja Luka

2-219-1

5849

AirABA/SA1 Sarajevo

AirABA d.o.o. Sarajevo

2-219-3

5851

CGBN1 Bijeljina

Crumb Group d.o.o. Bijeljina

Bosnia and Herzegovina    ADD

3-239-4

8060

EK St1

ELTA-KABEL d.o.o. Doboj

3-239-5

8061

ITM-Sa

Telemach d.o.o. Sarajevo

3-239-6

8062

ABC Sarajevo

SOFTNET d.o.o. Sarajevo

Bosnia and Herzegovina    LIR

2-218-3

5843

Siroki Brijeg

JP Hrvatske telekomunikacije d.d. Mostar

2-219-0

5848

T3/SA1 Sarajevo

Teledigital d.d. Sarajevo

2-219-6

5854

Aneks/BL1 Banjaluka

Blicnet d.o.o. Banja Luka

Kenya    SUP

6-079-2

12922

Nairobi

WiAfrica Kenya Limited

Kenya    LIR

6-078-2

12914

Westlands

Safaricom PLC

6-078-4

12916

Kasarani

Safaricom PLC

Sweden    SUP

2-081-7

4751

STO 001 GSX1 (Stockholm)

Interoute Communications Limited

____________

ISPC:      International Signalling Point Codes.

              Codes de points sémaphores internationaux (CPSI).

              Códigos de puntos de señalización internacional (CPSI).

Jan 01

Assignment of Signalling Area/Network Codes (SANC) OB no. 1163

Note from TSB

At the request of the Administration of Ireland, the Director of TSB has assigned the following signalling area/network code (SANC) for use in the international part of the signalling system No. 7 network of this country/geographical area, in accordance with Recommendation ITU-T Q.708 (03/99):

 

Country / geographical area or signalling network

SANC

              Ireland

5-214

 

 

  __________

SANC:    Signalling Area/Network Code.               Code de zone/réseau sémaphore (CZRS).               Código de zona/red de señalización (CZRS).

SANC
Signalling Area/Network Code.
Code de zone/réseau sémaphore (CZRS).
Código de zona/red de señalización (CZRS).

Amd. no. 2 to List of Signalling Area/Network Codes (SANC) OB no. 1163

Position amended originally published as annex to ITU Operational Bulletin No. 1125 — 1.VI.2018

Numerical order     ADD

 

5-214

Ireland

 

Alphabetical order    ADD

 

5-214

Ireland

____________

SANC:    Signalling Area/Network Code.

              Code de zone/réseau sémaphore (CZRS).

              Código de zona/red de señalización (CZRS).

Amd. no. 12 to List of International Signalling Point Codes (ISPC) OB no. 1163

Position amended originally published as annex to ITU Operational Bulletin No. 1109 — 1.X.2016

Country/ Geographical Area

Unique name of the signalling point

Name of the signalling point operator

ISPC

DEC

Azerbaijan    LIR

4-070-0

8752

BAKU_INT_N7

Aztelekom LLC

4-070-1

8753

BAKU_INT_N7_

Aztelekom LLC

4-070-2

8754

BAKU_INT_N7_1

Aztelekom LLC

4-070-3

8755

Nakhchivan Toll

Ministry of Communications and New Technologies of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic of Azerbaijan

4-070-4

8756

MSOFTX3000_2

AzerTelecom LLC

4-070-5

8757

GWMSG-1

Azercell Telecom LLC

4-070-6

8758

GWMSG-2

Azercell Telecom LLC

4-070-7

8759

MSOFTX3000_1

AzerTelecom LLC

4-071-0

8760

STP BTC_1E

Azerfon LLC

4-071-1

8761

STPCS3_2E

Azerfon LLC

4-071-2

8762

STP BHQ_1

Bakcell LLC

4-071-3

8763

STP BHQ_2

Bakcell LLC

4-071-4

8764

Class-4 IGW Network

AzInTelecom MMC

4-071-5

8765

BAKU_INT_N7_2

Aztelekom MMC

4-071-6

8766

STP-1

Azercell Telecom LLC

4-071-7

8767

STP-2

Azercell Telecom LLC

Ireland    ADD

5-216-4

11972

TB0M5581

Three Ireland (Hutchison) Limited

5-216-5

11973

TB01M5582

Three Ireland (Hutchison) Limited

5-216-6

11974

TB0MGW01

Three Ireland (Hutchison) Limited

5-216-7

11975

TB0MGW02

Three Ireland (Hutchison) Limited

Ireland    LIR

6-225-3

14091

CPWPC01

Carphone Warehouse

6-225-4

14092

CPWPC02

Carphone Warehouse

6-225-5

14093

CPWPC03

Carphone Warehouse

6-246-6

14262

W30

Three Ireland (Hutchison) Limited

Panama    SUP

7-029-0

14568

ISC4

Cable and Wireless Panama S.A.

Zimbabwe    SUP

6-097-6

13070

Aptics Trading

Aptics Trading (Pvt) ltd

 

Country/ Geographical Area

Unique name of the signalling point

Name of the signalling point operator

ISPC

DEC

Zimbabwe   LIR

6-095-1

13049

Econet Pockets Hill STP

Econet

6-095-2

13050

Econet Willowvale STP

Econet

6-095-3

13051

HRE-ZTE-MSC1-2

NetOne (Pvt) Ltd

6-096-5

13061

Econet Pockets Hill GMSC

Econet Wireless

6-097-0

13064

Econet Willowvale GMSC

Econet Wireless

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ISPC:      International Signalling Point Codes.

              Codes de points sémaphores internationaux (CPSI).

              Códigos de puntos de señalización internacional (CPSI).